Preface——Hao Ping (Vice Minister of Education)


This book is written by Deputy Executive Chairman of FICEA, Li Dong and researcher from Chinese National Institute of Education Sciences, Kang Jianchao. The preface of this book is honorably written by Vice Minister of Education of China. Mr. Li Dong is an expert in Education Evaluation. This book’s co-writer Kang Jianchao was a visiting scholar to FICEA.

Brief Summary of this book Basic Education in Finland

Basic education in Finland is sound, which should be attributed to the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) sponsored by Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).Basic education in this country strives for quality on the basis of fairness and efficiency. Finland, in fact, holds first place in the word in basic education.

Since World War II, the country has continued to promote development and reform of education slowly but firmly. Radical changes are always inevitable results of long-term reform and development, instead of short-term reform launched by some leader or party.


This book seeks to provide a systematic introduction in nice chapters: Chapter I explores the development course of reform; Chapter II expounds the current situation of basic education, including educational concepts, systems and major elements; Chapter III reveals the salient features of basic education-fairness, quality, and efficiency by making multi-dimensional comparison and analysis of Finland PISA results in the past; Chapter IV analyzes the basic education management at various level; Chapter V provides a comprehensive introduction of basic education curriculum in this country from various perspectives including curriculum development , concepts, framework and formulation mechanisms, management, implementation and evaluation; Chapter VI tries to show the basic education and teaching from various perspectives, such as transformation of teaching methods, teaching concepts, teacher’s roles, special courses, and so on, while summarizing the teaching features in this part of the world; Chapter VII presents a picture of the basic education assessment by introducing relevant assessment background, system structure, objects, standards, principles and the like. Chapter VIII explores teacher education development, teacher education enrollment, teachers’ pre-service cultivation and in-service development, attraction of faculty positions and teacher’s workload, and the characteristics of teaching: and Chapter IX mainly deals with the challenges currently facing basic education, development goals in the future and countermeasures to the adopted.